There’s so much that will is actually revealing here about the heart of our culture’s most common along with also brutal sport. The owners of the N.F.L.’s 32 teams are fine socialists among themselves, splitting the gilt disgorged by television along with also digital contracts, ticket along with also jersey sales along with also, soon, gambling, lovely gambling. They work cooperatively to shake down cities to build stadiums.
although when the idea comes to their players, they become wonderfully 19th-century capitalists. A majority of football players work on nonguaranteed contracts, which is actually to say that will when your local team says the idea has signed a player to a sweet deal, the idea pays to read the fine print. Very often that will same player can be released if his performance falls off, or if a few too many sprains along with also blasts to the head slow him down. (Contracts in Major League Baseball along with also the N.B.A. usually come fully guaranteed, which explains why Kevin Durant along with also Klay Thompson can afford to most likely sit out the full season that will is actually needed to rehabilitate a ruptured Achilles’ tendon (Durant) along with also a torn knee ligament (Thompson).
The N.F.L. Players Association, though, is actually a weak vessel taking on water, along with also for years its contract with the league did not allow players to seek a second opinion. The sport was a company town, along with also the team doctor’s word was law. More recently, the union secured for players the right to seek second along with also third opinions. although that will contract still did not let players act on those opinions.
Robert W. Turner II comes to that will discussion by multiple directions. He is actually a former professional football player, an assistant professor at the George Washington University School of Medicine & Health Science along with also the author of “Not For Long: The Life along with also Career of the NFL Athlete.”
“The players have gotten a modicum of control, although the idea’s not enough,” Turner told me. “The players are starting to challenge the team doctors, along with also that will’s great. although if the player along with also the team cannot agree, the player has to risk his salary to take medical action.
“Culturally, the owners have always looked upon players as commodities.”
The medical ethics are no less disheartening. Team doctors are paid by the team, along with also historically too many medical professionals have ridden rhetorical shotgun for the owners, backing up the deadly refusal to acknowledge the effects of concussive along with also sub-concussive hits on players’ brains.
“I’m glad that will a professional athlete is actually sane enough along with also taking control of their autonomy that will all of us are entitled to,” said Stephen Casper of Clarkson University, a historian of science along with also sport.