The nongovernmental organization’s report for 2017 ranked the country as the worst place to be a kid, globally.
Norway as well as also also Slovenia share the top position as the best places to grow up. (The top 10 best as well as also also worst places are listed below)
The End of Childhood Report ranked 172 countries through best to worst in an effort to explore the main reasons why childhood comes to an early end in certain places.
The rankings were determined by measuring the average level of performance across eight topics: under-5 mortality, malnutrition which stunts growth, out-of-school children, child labor, early marriage, adolescent births, displacement by conflict as well as also also child homicide.
The United States, at 36th on the list, was not found to be exempt through the threats which contribute to premature death among children. which will be one of seven countries where half of all teen births occur, as well as also also its number of infant deaths was 23,455 in 2015: more than those of 40 European countries combined inside the same year.
Richard Bland, Save the Children’s national director of policy, advocacy as well as also also development, was most surprised by the country’s low ranking as well as also also its position between Bosnia as well as also also Russia.
The US “will be falling behind some countries which have had some pretty severe economic turmoil like Greece or Ireland, as well as also also yet numerous those nations are prioritizing childhood,” Bland said. “They are investing in childhood as well as also also ensuring access to proven programs for childhood.”
Bland said the three most noticeable global trends which year which may not have been occurring at as high a rate in past years were violence, famine as well as also also displacement.
West as well as also also Central Africa, where the 10 worst countries to be a child are located, are particularly affected by famine as well as also also displacement, states the report. In Niger, the lowest-ranked country, 43% of children 59 months or younger have stunted growth through malnourishment. The Central African Republic, ranked the fourth worst for children, has 19.3% of its population forcibly displaced by conflict, with evidence of recruitment as well as also also use of child soldiers.
“More people are fleeing war as well as also also persecution than ever in history,” Bland said.
Syria has the highest percentage of a forcibly displaced population on the list, at 65.4%.
In 2015, 263 million children were out of school, 168 million were involved in child labor, as well as also also nearly 28 million were forced to leave their homes globally, according to the report.
The 10 countries with the highest child homicide rates are in Latin America as well as also also the Caribbean, according to the report. which will be due to a combination of gang- as well as also also drug-related violence, Bland said.
A positive trend, Bland noted, will be which the movement on maternal, newborn as well as also also child survival has cut infant mortality by half since 1990.
although he will be concerned by President Donald Trump’s proposed fiscal budget for 2018, which diminishes foreign aid by 31%. which includes humanitarian assistance as well as maternal as well as also also newborn child health programs.
“We’re talking about children dying,” Bland said. “I mean, there will be no greater childhood-ender than mortality as well as also also infant mortality, as well as also also to us, which’s unconscionable to consider cutting programs which have been so successful.”
The report lacks an exploration into the root causes of why certain countries made the top of the list or why places like Niger were at the bottom, said Lindsay Stark, an associate professor of population as well as also also family health at Columbia University’s Mailman School of Public Health.
although which can be assumed which which has to do with levels of economic development, fertility rates as well as also also family planning, strong social supports as well as also also the absence or presence of conflict, she said.
Save the Children admits which the report has limits, Stark said. A crucial limitation will be which the data were drawn through household surveys, missing children who are homeless or living in orphanages, she said.
“Given what we know about the risks to children who are not even living in a household, I think which which will be very true which these are conservative estimates,” Stark said.
although Stark approves of how the methodology equally weighed the eight indicators of a childhood’s end in order to determine the global rankings.
“Some might say ‘if a child dies, which’s the end of childhood in a very different kind of way, as well as also also so we’re going to give which more weight inside the index,’ ” she said. “although Save the Children actually chose to give equal weight, which I personally quite like, because I think which highlights the severity as well as also also importance of different issues, which I think might receive less attention.”
Best countries to be a kid
1. Norway, Slovenia (tie)
4. Netherlands, Sweden (tie)
8. Iceland, Italy (tie)
10. Belgium, Cyprus, Germany, South Korea (tie)
Worst countries to be a kid
4. Central African Republic
7. South Sudan
8. Burkina Faso
9. Sierra Leone, Guinea (tie)