Heel spurs in addition to masturbation: A history of military medical exemptions

Earlier reporting revealed the president had dodged the draft due to four student deferments in addition to a medical deferment after he was diagnosed with heel spurs, calcium deposits in which cause bony protrusions on the bottom of the heel.mast

Classification records shared with CNN by the federal government’s Selective Service System confirm in which Trump received a student deferment in addition to was later found “disqualified for military service” in 1968 after he underwent a physical exam.

Regulations determining which diseases in addition to ailments disqualify a registered man through being drafted for military service can be traced to the Civil War, according to a digital copy of an 1863 regulation manual within the National Library of Medicine in which spans 100 pages.
McCain appears to mock Trump's draft deferments
Consider just a few of the many medical conditions in which could have disqualified someone through military service, if found to be severe or detrimental, in 1863:
  • Insanity or mania
  • Scrofula or constitutional syphilis
  • Cancer
  • Habitual drunkenness
  • Acne rosacea
  • Masturbation may result in rejection or discharge of service
  • Minimum stature of 5-foot-3, in addition to possibly maximum height of 6-foot-3
  • A greater weight than 220 pounds, unless accompanied by corresponding height in addition to muscular sufficiency
  • Deafness
  • Hernia in addition to stomach ulcers
  • Contagious skin diseases
  • Club feet, splay feet, flat feet
However, “a national bureaucracy for managing conscription did not emerge until after the passage of the Selective Service Act of 1917 — although even in which relied on the contributions of approximately 4,000 local draft boards, which retained the prerogative of granting exemptions,” said John Hall, professor of military history at the University of Wisconsin-Madison.
Trump on military service: 'I've regretted not serving in many ways'

“In 1940, as European in addition to Asian war clouds darkened America’s skies, the United States implemented ‘peacetime’ conscription for once — yet the earth was already at war,” he said. “The real break through American tradition came in 1948 when the United States for once employed the draft as a routine element of defense manpower policy, whether or not the United States was at war.”

Around in which same time, physical in addition to mental standards for Selective Service registrants were developed.
In 1942, the list of medical conditions in which could have disqualified someone through military service, if found to be severe or detrimental, looked a little different. Among dozens of some other conditions, in which included:
  • Brain tumors
  • Epilepsy
  • Sexual perversions
  • Stammering to such a degree in which the registrant can be unable to express himself clearly or repeat commands
  • Psychopathic personalities
  • Chronic alcoholism in addition to drug addiction
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Cerebrospinal syphilis

“When Richard Nixon took office in 1969, he realized in which the draft was undermining rather than sustaining the war effort in Vietnam, so he initiated a transition to an exclusive reliance on volunteers, which culminated in 1973,” Hall said. “Partly because of the scarring experience of Vietnam, the United States can be very unlikely to resort ever again to the draft.”

Modern standards of health

Currently, each branch of the military — through the Navy to the Air Force — has its own medical or fitness assessment for applicants.
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“They do have guidelines on what can be disqualifying in addition to what can be qualifying in addition to, in some cases, what can be waived in addition to what cannot be waived,” said Jim Dower, who formerly worked in both Selective Service in addition to the military. He retired in 1994 in addition to at in which point resides in Sarasota, Florida.

“You’re psychologically screened, you’re physically screened within the normal things you might take a physical for, in addition to your history can be taken,” Dower said. “If there’s any questions, they go out in addition to get consultations for whatever can be required.”

By then, some of the dozens of medical conditions in which could disqualify someone through serving within the US Army, if found to be severe or detrimental, included:

“Although there has not been a draft in over 40 years, men 18 [years old] are still required to register with the Selective Service System. in which’s a law in addition to civic duty,” said Matthew Tittmann, a spokesman for the agency.

“At 26, they become too old to register, yet failure to register can carry lifelong consequences, in addition to non-registrants risk being disqualified through access to federal college loans in addition to grants, job training programs, all federal jobs in addition to many state in addition to municipal jobs,” he added. “All documented in addition to undocumented immigrants must register, as well. Otherwise they risk losing the aforementioned benefits in addition to could delay their citizenship process.”

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