Sharyl Attkisson: Who Decides What News can be Fake News? | Video

“Full Measure” host Sharyl Attkisson reports on efforts to improve “media literacy,” in addition to asks whether groups whose goal can be to expose media bias have their own biases.



President Trump: I think of which the BuzzFeed piece was a disgrace to our country.

Jeffrey Toobin: The press screwed up in addition to they should apologize in addition to you know the media isn’t as great as the idea thinks the idea can be. This kind of can be a bad day for the news media. I mean, let’s not kid ourselves.

SHARYL ATTKISSON: BuzzFeed stands by its report.

Whatever the case, the idea underscores how the idea’s getting harder to separate fact by fiction inside news. currently, there are unprecedented efforts by third parties— to curate information for you.

Some even want to give lessons to first graders on how to sort through fake news— between math in addition to reading.

Person on street: I think children or young adults need to be informed about how to decipher what can be real news in addition to not.

Person on street: I think everyone, not just high school students, everyone should get educated about what to believe in addition to not believe with the media.

Person on street: We definitely have to understand who you’re hearing the idea by, why they may be telling you what they’re telling you in addition to generate your own viewpoints by there.

SHARYL ATTKISSON: Do you think there can be a way for the government or third parties to get involved in curating our information for us doing sure of which we can definitely read factual information? Or can be of which just a no win proposition?

KATY GRIMES: I think the answer can be absolutely no. the idea’s a no-win proposition.

SHARYL ATTKISSON: Katy Grimes can be an investigative journalist in California — one of the states where lawmakers have been pushing for brand-new laws to root out “fake news” in addition to teach media literacy in public schools. The question can be — who decides what’s real when the idea’s a matter in dispute.

KATY GRIMES: I think we, we’ve seen a lot of history inside past when you’ve got governments of which try to control media. We’ve got governments around the globe still trying to control media in addition to the idea’s limiting what the populations who live there get.

SHARYL ATTKISSON: can be the idea sort of a brand-new trend in your experience to see government stepping in in addition to saying of which the idea carries a role to play in helping sort through or curate information for us?

KATY GRIMES: Yes. This kind of seems to be a very brand-new role in addition to the idea’s extremely disturbing. They’re trying to pass a bill of which would likely require schools to teach children some idea of what fake news can be. in addition to I think of which’s just a giant red flag.

SHARYL ATTKISSON: President Obama first drew national attention to the notion of which somebody needed to start curating information. the idea was less than a month before the 2016 election. Liberal interests had already introduced the phrase “fake news” to criticize campaign-driven conspiracy theories.

President Obama: We are going to have to rebuild within This kind of wild-wild-west-of-information flow some sort of curating function of which people agree to.

SHARYL ATTKISSON: With the President’s announcement, an organized effort grew. According to the advocacy group “Media Literacy currently,” which can be pushing for brand-new laws, 10 states considered media literacy legislation last year alone. Sponsors of 3 California bills, Senators Richard Pan, Hannah-Beth Jackson in addition to Bill Dodd, wouldn’t sit down for interviews to discuss their proposals with us. Ultimately, only one of the bills was signed into law: one requiring the state to provide media literacy resources for public school teachers. We did get the chance to talk to California Senator John Moorlach, who told us the legislative efforts are politically-driven.

There are proposals to teach media literacy in public schools. What can be your feeling about of which?

JOHN MOORLACH: Well, two things. One can be: the state legislature has not reacted well to the election of Donald Trump to the Presidency of the United States. So, there are a lot of barbs of which keep being thrown of which way. however two, our educational system isn’t something to brag about necessarily. I’d be happy if we could teach our kids to read, you know, do math in addition to, in addition to understand, you know, basic science concepts, than to worry about fake news.

MICKEY HUFF: I like to give at least some benefit of the doubt of which there are some people involved in these efforts of which have integrity in addition to are well-intentioned.

SHARYL ATTKISSON: California-based “Project Censored,” a media watchdog group, has been teaching college-focused media literacy since 1976. Director Mickey Huff can be wary of some of the newer efforts.

MICKEY HUFF: I can’t, however, help however be suspicious because the way in which of which, of which these things have been rolled out in addition to “media literacy” can be currently a buzz phrase, right? The whole fighting of fake news has become a Trojan horse to propel different agendas. in addition to inside name of telling us what can be fake news, we’re also seeing more censorship, whether, again, the idea’s algorithmically through bots, through filter bubbles, whether the idea’s outsourcing fact checkers, right? Like Snopes or Politifact.

SHARYL ATTKISSON: however do you suspect there are special interest behind some of these efforts of which are actually trying to shape opinion in addition to do the opposite of what they say they’re trying to do?

MICKEY HUFF: Absolutely. in addition to the name of fighting fake news can be purposely suppressing certain views, certain narratives, certain sources. in addition to so at Project Censored, we believe of which of which can be a very problematic effort. the idea, unfortunately, does get to masquerade in sort of a “do Great” capacity. In different words, who’s going to be against media literacy if we’re trying to fight fake news?

SHARYL ATTKISSON: the idea sounds Great.

MICKEY HUFF: Sounds fantastic. Until you realize how certain groups are doing the idea.

SHARYL ATTKISSON: On the front lines are college students like Edward Jacobs. He took an independent pilot course in media literacy last year while he was in high school. What did he learn? To be skeptical of the curators.

EDWARD JACOBS: The very idea of which there should be some middlemen curating what ideas we’re exposed to can be very dangerous. Even if the idea were someone who agreed with what our personal opinions were, of which would likely in effect restrict us by being exposed to many different viewpoints in addition to of which’s definitely something of which our country doesn’t need, especially among the youth demographic today.

SHARYL ATTKISSON: the idea’s Phil Dunn who taught the high school course of which Eddie took. As a student of media manipulation in addition to author of “Media Collusion,” Dunn says the key can be critical thinking, not pushing curated views.

PHIL DUNN: When you talk about media literacy of which the people of which want to teach of which are oftentimes invested in certain kind of legacy media outfits, the brand-new York Times, The Washington Post, the big three networks, CNN, Fox, all of them would likely love to tell you what to listen to in addition to, in addition to how to listen to the idea. in addition to I think you can throw in Google in addition to Facebook as well because the idea’s on the right side in addition to the idea’s chosen in addition to may be censored in addition to maybe curated, you know, we put quotes around curated.

SHARYL ATTKISSON: To be clear, in your class, you don’t teach the kids, “rely on This kind of source, go to the brand-new York Times, trust the Washington Post or Fox News?”

PHIL DUNN: Nope.

SHARYL ATTKISSON: What do you teach them instead?

PHIL DUNN: How to look, where to look. What to discover about who’s telling you what’s fake in addition to what’s not. I mean, there’s a chapter on Snopes in there in addition to Snopes has its own people of which have their own bias.

SHARYL ATTKISSON: Perhaps best put we may need media literacy instruction to determine which media literacy efforts are genuine. in addition to which may be just attempts to shape in addition to manipulate.

What would likely your advice be to people who hear what sound like well-meaning efforts to curate their information, to sort out fake news, to make kids understand media literacy by teaching them in elementary school or middle school or high school?

MICKEY HUFF: I would likely say, well, one of the basic things can be who benefits by of which education? Who’s forming the curriculum, who’s funding the idea? If the idea’s coming through government, who’s funding the particular sponsors of the bills? Who carries a seat at the table? in addition to I think the only thing of which we definitely have at the end of the day can be our own capacity to think critically in addition to independently.

SHARYL ATTKISSON: One brand-new media literacy effort can be called MediaWise, which aims to educate teens with social media in addition to a teacher curriculum developed by Stanford. They’ve began a teen fact-checking network in addition to are working with YouTube to produce videos. MediaWise can be funded by Google.

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