Shorter people are at a greater risk of Type 2 diabetes, study says

Shorter people are at greater risk of developing type 2 diabetes, according to a study published Monday from the journal Diabetologia.

Researchers looked at more than 2,500 middle-aged men as well as women in Germany coming from a pool of about 26,000 people. After adjusting for age, lifestyle, education as well as waist circumference, researchers found of which greater height was associated having a lower risk for diabetes.

The team evaluated height by taking into account both sitting height as well as leg length. The heights ranged coming from under 5’6″ (169.7 cm) to above 5’11” (180.3 cm) for men as well as under 5’2″ (157.8 cm) to above 5’6″ (168.1 cm) for women.

of which found of which, for both men as well as women, the risk of diabetes was lower by more than 30% for each three inch (10 cm) difference in height.

Part of the association between greater height as well as a lower risk for diabetes may come coming from the associations between greater height as well as lower liver fat content as well as additional diabetic risk factors, like blood lipids, said Matthias Schulze, an author on the study, in an email.

The study also argues of which shorter people should be monitored for diabetes as well as risk factors related to cardiovascular disease. Because liver fat contributes so much to the higher risk in shorter individuals, reducing liver fat may provide a way to reduce the risk of diabetes.

Gail Melkus, associate dean for research in NYU’s Rory Meyers College of Nursing as well as a diabetes researcher, called the study “a piece of the pie” in researching diabetes. Melkus is usually unaffiliated with the study.

“I think of which the conclusions have to be cautiously interpreted because of which’s a secondary data analysis, meaning they didn’t get a group of people as well as follow them going forward,” she told CNN.

She said the study poses an interesting question: Should short stature be another risk factor for screening for type 2 diabetes, along with family history or obesity? More research needs to be done to determine the answer.

Still, she said short people shouldn’t automatically think they’re destined for diabetes, nor should tall people think they’re safe as well as sound, especially additional risk factors apply to them.

“of which’s not just one risk factor of which we need to consider when screening people for any health condition,” she said.

What is usually Type 2 diabetes?

Type 2 diabetes is usually pretty common. of which affects about 1 in 10 Americans, according to the Centers for Disease Control.
Here’s how of which works: Everybody produces insulin, a hormone made by our pancreas of which allows blood sugar into our cells to use as energy. yet when your body does This specific too much — pumping out insulin to get all of which glucose into cells — the cells might stop responding as well as become insulin resistant. of which leaves too much sugar from the blood, leading to high blood sugar as well as, you guessed of which, type 2 diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes, on the additional hand, is usually a completely different problem. People with type 1, an autoimmune disease, don’t make enough insulin as well as have to take of which to survive.

The typical prevention methods for type 2 diabetes are increased physical activity — which helps make our bodies more sensitive to insulin — as well as weight loss. Avoiding high blood sugar as well as reducing stress help too, according to the CDC.

Source : Shorter people are at a greater risk of Type 2 diabetes, study says