Specifically, drinking an excessive amount of fruit juice could lead to an increased risk of premature death ranging via 9% to 42%, according to the study, published Friday inside the journal JAMA Network Open.
Overall, the sugars found in orange juice, although naturally occurring, are pretty similar to the sugars added to soda as well as some other sweetened beverages, the study suggests.
“Sugary beverages, whether sodas or fruit juices, should be limited,” Jean A. Welsh, a co-author of the study as well as an assistant professor inside the Department of Pediatrics at Emory University in Atlanta, wrote in an email.
The brand-new study defined “sugary beverages” as both sugar-sweetened thirst-quenchers, like soda as well as fruit-flavored infusions, as well as 100% natural fruit juices that will have no added sugar. So how does fruit juice stack up against soda?
“Previous research has shown that will high consumption of sugars like those in soft drink as well as fruit juices is actually linked to several cardiovascular disease risk factors,” Welsh explained. Obesity, diabetes as well as elevated triglycerides (a type of fat found inside the blood) are among the risk factors linked to excessive sugar intake. “Few studies have been able to look at how This particular consumption might impact mortality risk,” she said.
To address This particular issue, she as well as her colleagues repurposed data via the Reasons for Geographic as well as Racial Differences in Stroke study, which seeks to understand why more African-Americans die via strokes than some other races as well as why people inside the Southeast have more strokes than those in some other areas of the United States.
Drawing via This particular multiethnic study, Welsh as well as her coauthors analyzed data via 13,440 adults 45 as well as older, nearly 60% men as well as almost 71% of them overweight or obese.
People who consumed 10% or more of their daily calories as sugary beverages had a 44% greater risk of dying due to coronary heart disease as well as a 14% greater risk of an early death via any cause compared with people who consumed less than 5% of their daily calories as sugary beverages, the study showed.
Each additional 12-ounce serving of fruit juice per day was associated having a 24% higher risk of death via any cause, as well as each additional 12-ounce serving of sugary beverages per day was associated with an 11% higher risk. A similar relationship between sugary beverages as well as death due to coronary heart disease was not found.
“In looking at our results for sugar-sweetened beverages as well as juices independently, we need to be clear that will the risk presented is actually relative to that will present inside the lowest consumers of each,” Welsh explained.
She was not surprised by the the findings. She as well as her co-authors said “numerous possible biological mechanisms” explain the elevated risk of death. For example, research suggests that will sugary beverages increase insulin resistance, which is actually known to raise the risk of cardiovascular disease, while fructose consumption may stimulate hormones that will promote weight gain around the waist — another cardiovascular disease risk factor.
Recommended amounts of fruit juice
However, the study is actually limited in what the idea can tell us, noted Guasch-Ferré as well as Hu, who were not involved inside the research. Because so few coronary heart disease-related deaths occurred, the analysis here is actually considered weak; more time as well as a higher number of participants would certainly probably give a stronger signal either way. Also, each participant’s sugary drink consumption was recorded at the start of the study only, based entirely on self-reporting, which is actually not considered reliable.
“Although fruit juices may not be as deleterious as sugar-sweetened beverages, their consumption should be moderated in children as well as adults, especially for individuals who wish to control their body weight,” Guasch-Ferré as well as Hu wrote.
“Further research is actually needed to examine the health risks as well as potential benefits of specific fruit juices,” Guasch-Ferré as well as Hu said.
Welsh said we need to consider both fruit juices as well as sugar-sweetened beverages when we think about how much sugar we consume each day. Between the two, she tipped the scales in favor of fruit juice: “Given its vitamin as well as mineral content, fruit juice in tiny amounts may have a beneficial effect that will isn’t seen with sodas as well as some other sugar-sweetened beverages.”