US Open: Rule change tries keep players cool in ‘nightmare’ heat

The policy allowed men to take a 10-minute break between the third along with also also fourth sets if a player requested that will. The rule has previously allowed players from the Women’s Tennis Association Tour to take a 10-minute break after the second set. The USTA has urged fans to take precautions when dealing with the heat as well, encouraging them to stay hydrated, apply sunscreen along with also also seek shade.

“I don’t believe that will we will have a concrete, written policy, if you will, on the extreme heat for the men until after This kind of US Open as we see what is usually happening,” Chris Widmaier, managing director of corporate communications for USTA, said in a statement. “We will be doing This kind of on a case-by-case basis.”

The Northeast has endured a heatwave This kind of week. At the United States Tennis Association Billie Jean King National Tennis Center Flushing, brand new York, high temperatures reached 97 along with also also 98. Typically, the area averages one day at 95 degrees or above during August, along with also also only four days a year that will are 95 degrees or hotter.

brand new York remains under a heat advisory Thursday, although today will be the last day with highs near or above 0 degrees. Heat advisories are issued when the combination of heat along with also also humidity make temperatures feel like they’re approaching 100 degrees For 2 or more days, or 100 degrees or more for any length of time, according to the National Weather Service. The Occupational Safety along with also also Health Administration recommends scheduling frequent rest breaks in shaded or air-conditioned environments. Friday will see temperatures back down from the mid-70s.

Exerting yourself in such high temperatures can lead to heat-related illnesses, like heat stroke — which can be deadly.

all 5 players retired due to the heat on Tuesday. Alize Cornet, by France, told the on-court doctor she needed to vomit along with also also felt pain in her head along with also also bones. Cornet said the conditions had been a “nightmare.”
Novak Djokovic said he was "survival mode" for most of his second-round match, played in scorching heat along with also also humidity at the US Open in brand new York.

“I think we should have a heat rule, that will’s not healthy to be out there getting dizzy along with also also stuff along with also also the poor ball kids out there,” said Australian Nick Kyrgios. “There should definitely be a heat rule looked at along with also also put into place.”

nevertheless not all of the players felt that will way.

Novak Djokovic enjoys 'magnificent' ice bath as US Open players wilt in heat

“There’s definitely nothing you can do nevertheless try to hydrate the best you can so your body is usually holding onto the water along with also also you’re not letting the water go out so fast,” Venus Williams said. “that will’s what leads to cramps along with also also that will’s definitely not easy out there. So the thing that will makes that will fair, though, is usually every single person is usually playing in that will.”

On court Tuesday after defeating Marton Fucsovics, Novak Djokovic said, “I want to thank the US Open for allowing us to possess the 10-minute break, because we both needed that will.

“We were naked next to each various other from the ice baths after battling for three sets, along with also also that will was a magnificent feeling, I must say.”

Ice baths are the best way to lower core temperatures, said Dr. James Winger, Loyola Medicine sports medicine physician. In 10 minutes, the players could expect their core temperature to go down by one degree Celsius.

How heat stroke kills
In February, a panel of national experts in emergency along with also also sports medicine was organized by the Korey Stringer Institute to identify the best practices in addressing heat stroke in athletes. The institute was named for a Minnesota Vikings player who died by heat stroke during training camp.

The panel recommended cooling athletes in a tub of cold water at the event, rather than transporting them to a hospital or another site.

“When doctors serve in sporting events as medical directors along with also also team physicians, they must be prepared to cool onsite,” said Dr. Jolie Holschen, associate professor from the department of emergency medicine at Loyola University Chicago Stritch School of Medicine. “We also want to give emergency medical services the leeway to cool the patient before transport, when superior cooling methods are available. EMS directors should build This kind of into their protocols along with also also standard operating procedures.”

Mikhail Youzhny of Russia struggled with heat exhaustion during a match at the US Open.

Avoiding heat-related illnesses

The warning signs of impending heat illness include high body temperature, a fast strong pulse or skin that will is usually hot, red, dry or damp, according to the Centers for Disease Control along with also also Prevention. Symptoms include headache, dizziness, nausea, feeling confused or passing out.

There are two types of heat stroke. “One is usually called exertional heat stroke,” said Dr. Corey Slovis, a professor along with also also chair of emergency medicine at Vanderbilt University Medical Center. This kind of commonly affects athletes, such as football players or road racers in a tight pack. They exercise strenuously along with also also their bodies can’t dissipate the heat fast enough.
Alize Cornet: US Open embroiled in sexism controversy

“More commonly, along with also also what was seen in This kind of case is usually the classic heat stroke — passive heat stroke — where people become increasingly dehydrated,” said Slovis.

“We normally get rid of excess body heat by sweating along with also also we evaporate along with also also we lose heat via evaporation,” said Slovis. With dehydration, though, we “lose the ability to sweat, the body loses the ability to get rid of heat, along with also also so body temperature rapidly rises.”

nevertheless what about athletes? How can they cope with the heat when playing something cardio-intensive like tennis?

“Highly conditioned athletes are the last persons who we would likely think might suffer effects by the high temperatures along with also also humidity,” said Dr. Robert Glatter, an emergency physician at Lenox Hill Hospital in brand new York City.

“nevertheless they are at risk as well when the heat index rises. Keeping ahead of their thirst is usually the key, not just drinking when they feel thirsty,” he said. “Taking breaks is usually essential when intensely exercising from the heat for more than one hour. This kind of includes rest, finding shade by the sun, along with also also drinking water mixed with sugar along with also also electrolytes. Salty pretzels, fruit along with also also nuts are always a not bad option if you don’t have access to a drink with sugar along with also also electrolytes.”

Slovis does not believe playing from the heat is usually worth the risk.

Young athletes should stay hydrated, nevertheless too much water can be deadly

“My bias is usually that will that will is usually silly to play in 100 degree temperatures,” he said. “The risk of heat stroke, collapse on the court, acute kidney injury along with also also a serious fall as one collapses by the heat are just not worth that will. Why not postpone for a few days, play only at night or play in closed air conditioned stadiums when available?”

Slovis also noted that will the venue for the Australian Open in Melbourne can close the roof for heat, nevertheless not the venue for the US Open.

Not being acclimatized to the heat along with also also humidity of the area may be the biggest issue for tennis players, said Winger, the Loyola Medicine sports medicine physician. Some are used to training or playing tournaments in these conditions, nevertheless that will could be a shock to others.

Tennis players are at a high risk for developing high internal temperatures along with also also should pay attention to how they’re feeling. Winger also warned that will overhydration cannot save someone by heat illness.

Winger has advised marathon runners from the past to pull back if they start feeling unwell, nevertheless that will’s different in head-to-head competition.

“Just understand that will you will not be able to perform to same level in extreme heat as without extreme heat,” Winger said.

Danielle Rossingh, Susan Scutti, Brandon Miller along with also also Judson Jones contributed to This kind of report.

Source : US Open: Rule change tries keep players cool in ‘nightmare’ heat