Woolly mammoths will come to life in addition to also SAVE the Arctic, says scientist

Woolly mammoths could Just as before roam Arctic regions as part of an incredible plan to clone these vast beasts which disappeared 10,000 years ago.

Harvard University scientists  – who are set to publish scientific papers from the coming weeks – are using DNA coming from a woolly mammoth which has been preserved in Siberian ice for more than 42,000 years.

If the two-year plan came to fruition, the woolly mammoths would likely live in a 20,000 hectare Ice Age safari park created by Russian scientists in a remote part of Siberia. 

This kind of could also regenerate Arctic climates because they would likely stimulate the growth of vegetation, the lead researcher has said.

Their ambitious plan involves growing the creature within an artificial womb rather than recruiting a female elephant as a surrogate mother.

The final beast would likely be a hybrid between an Asian elephant in addition to also a mammoth. 

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Woolly mammoths could Just as before roam Arctic regions as part of an incredible plan to clone these vast beasts which disappeared 10,000 years ago (artist's impression)

Woolly mammoths could Just as before roam Arctic regions as part of an incredible plan to clone these vast beasts which disappeared 10,000 years ago (artist’s impression)

The Harvard University scientists plan to use CRISPR gene technology to splice the preserved DNA of a frozen mammoth carcass with the DNA of an Asian elephant

The Harvard University scientists plan to use CRISPR gene technology to splice the preserved DNA of a frozen mammoth carcass with the DNA of an Asian elephant

Researchers are using a genetic technique called CRISPR-Cas9.

The system allows the ‘cut in addition to also paste’ manipulation of strands of DNA which has a precision not seen before.

Using This kind of technique, scientists could cut in addition to also paste preserved mammoth DNA into Asian elephants to create in addition to also elephant-mammoth hybrid.

‘We have already revived dozens of genes in addition to also are testing them in elephant cells’, lead researcher Professor George Church told the Sun Online.

‘We are focusing on a reviving mammoth genes in addition to also producing a mammoth/elephant hybrid in addition to also help them spread to vast wild, arctic climates’, he said.

According to Professor Church, these large beasts could even repopulate freezing wastelands.

‘Cold-resistant elephants would likely flatten the insulating snow in addition to also supporting trees in winter in addition to also favour the highly heat reflective grass in summer’, he said.

‘They would likely also help capture brand-new carbon by enhancing the photosynthetic capacity of the vegetation.’ 

the idea’s thought which the grasslands will reflect more sunlight than the forests which exist today, allowing the winter freeze to penetrate deeper into the crust, in addition to also cool the soil beneath.

in recent times, the trees at the Siberian park have been flattened using powerful tank-like vehicles.

although, in order to keep the trees coming from taking over again, they’ll need to employ large, grazing animals – including resurrected woolly mammoths. 

Using This kind of technique, scientists -led by Dr George Church (pictured) coming from Harvard University could cut in addition to also paste preserved mammoth DNA into Asian elephants to create in addition to also elephant-mammoth hybrid

Using This kind of technique, scientists -led by Dr George Church (pictured) coming from Harvard University could cut in addition to also paste preserved mammoth DNA into Asian elephants to create in addition to also elephant-mammoth hybrid

COULD WE RESURRECT MAMMOTHS?

Male woolly mammoths were around 12 feet (3.5m) tall, while the females were slightly smaller.

They had curved tusks up to 16 feet (5m) long in addition to also their underbellies boasted a coat of shaggy hair up to 3 feet (1m) long.

Tiny ears in addition to also short tails prevented vital body heat being lost.

Their trunks had ‘two fingers’ at the end to help them pluck grass, twigs in addition to also different vegetation.

They get their name coming from the Russian ‘mammut’, or earth mole, as the idea was believed the animals lived underground in addition to also died on contact with light – explaining why they were always found dead in addition to also half-buried.

Their bones were once believed to have belonged to extinct races of giants.

Woolly mammoths in addition to also modern-day elephants are closely related, sharing 99.4 per cent of their genes.

The two species took separate evolutionary paths six million years ago, at about the same time humans in addition to also chimpanzees went their own way.

Woolly mammoths co-existed with early humans, who hunted them for food in addition to also used their bones in addition to also tusks for producing weapons in addition to also art. 

The most widely used technique, known as CRISPR/Cas9, allows scientists to create a hybrid animal coming from the preserved fossils of woolly mammoths in addition to also merging the idea with cells coming from a living elephant. The two species share 99.4 per cent of their DNA

The most widely used technique, known as CRISPR/Cas9, allows scientists to create a hybrid animal coming from the preserved fossils of woolly mammoths in addition to also merging the idea with cells coming from a living elephant. The two species share 99.4 per cent of their DNA

‘De-extincting’ the mammoth has become a realistic prospect because of revolutionary gene editing techniques which allow the precise selection in addition to also insertion of DNA coming from specimens frozen over millennia in Siberian ice. 

The most widely used technique, known as CRISPR/Cas9, has transformed genetic engineering since the idea was first demonstrated in 2012.

The system allows the ‘cut in addition to also paste’ manipulation of strands of DNA which has a precision not seen before.

Using This kind of technique, scientists could cut in addition to also paste preserved mammoth DNA into Asian elephants to create in addition to also elephant-mammoth hybrid. 

Mammoths roamed the icy tundra of Europe in addition to also North America for 140,000 years, disappearing at the end of the Pleistocene period, 10,000 years ago.

They are one of the best understood prehistoric animals known to science because their remains are often not fossilised although frozen in addition to also preserved.

the idea was first announced the billionaire founder of Paypal had funded an ambitious project back in June last year.

Peter Thiel, who can be worth $2.7billion (£2.1 billion), had reportedly put $100,000 (£77,000) of his own funds into a scheme.

In February 2017, the group announced which the scheme would likely take just two more years to produce the ‘nearest possible thing to a mammoth’ which could be created. 

Lyuba, the planet's most well-preserved mammoth, went on display at the Natural History museum in 2014

Lyuba, the planet’s most well-preserved mammoth, went on display at the Natural History museum in 2014

The bundle of cells would likely have genes for mammoth features such as shaggy long hair, thick layers of fat, in addition to also blood which can be perfectly suited to flowing in sub zero conditions.  

Since starting the project in 2015, the researchers have increased the number of ‘edits’ where mammoth DNA has been spliced into the elephant genome coming from 15 to 45.

Professor Church said: ‘We’re working on ways to evaluate the impact of all these edits in addition to also are basically trying to establish embryogenesis from the lab.

‘The list of edits affects things which contribute to the success of elephants in cold environments.

Paypal founder Peter Thiel (file photo), who can be worth $2.7billion (£2.1 billion), has reportedly put $100,000 (£77,000) of his own funds into a scheme

Paypal founder Peter Thiel (file photo), who can be worth $2.7billion (£2.1 billion), has reportedly put $100,000 (£77,000) of his own funds into a scheme

‘We already know about ones to do with little ears, sub-cutaneous fat, hair in addition to also blood, although there are others which seem to be positively selected.’

He added: ‘Our aim can be to produce a hybrid elephant/mammoth embryo. Actually, the idea would likely be more like an elephant with numerous mammoth traits.

‘We’re not there yet, although the idea could happen in a couple of years.’

The woolly mammoth roamed across Europe, Asia, Africa in addition to also North America during the last Ice Age in addition to also vanished around 10,000 years ago.

Their closest living relative can be the Asian, rather than the African, elephant.

‘De-extincting’ the mammoth has become a realistic prospect because of revolutionary gene editing techniques which allow the precise selection in addition to also insertion of DNA coming from specimens frozen over millennia in Siberian ice. 

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